Developmental Sequence Overview Fagus Guides > Moral Development Figure 4. An overview of moral behaviour during childhood and adolescence. Fagus Guides > Moral Development

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Adolescence (11-19 years) Overview Fagus Guides > Moral Development Adolescence (11-19 years overview) Moral Reasoning improved moral reasoning and behaviour contributes to an increase in moral behaviours reasoning about real-life moral dilemmas is not yet as advanced as reasoning about hypothetical moral dilemmas, perhaps due to the influence of feelings and social factors (e.g. peer pressure)…

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Moral Development Fagus Guides > Moral Development Contents How to Use This Guide to Set Goals Introduction Developmental Sequence Overview Infancy                               (0-2 years) Early Childhood           (2-7 years) Middle Childhood      (7-11 years) Adolescence       …

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How to Use This Guide to Set Goals Fagus Guides > Moral Development How to Use This Guide to Set Goals Read the definition at the beginning of the introduction to familiarise yourself with the topic (decide if you want to read more of the introduction) Establish the child’s current point of development – where…

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Introduction Fagus Guides > Moral Development Introduction Defining Morality Morality refers to people’s beliefs about what is right and wrong. “Every society has a system of rules about the rightness and wrongness of certain acts…adults expect children to learn these rules and act according to them.” (p. 412, Leman et al., 2012). Morality adds further…

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Infancy (0-2 years) Fagus Guides > Moral Development Infancy (0-2 years) The first indicators of empathy typically emerge between 12 and 18 months, when infants show concern when they hear another child crying. From 18 months infants perform empathetic behaviours more frequently (e.g. giving another child their favourite toy, sharing food with adults). This increase…

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Early Childhood (2-7 years) Fagus Guides > Moral Development Early Childhood (2-7 years) 2 years        Moral Reasoning judges acts as ‘good’ or ‘bad’ beginning to understand the effect that their actions can have on others if an adult explains it to them in a way that they understand, however this is not…

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Middle Childhood (7-11 years) Fagus Guides > Moral Development Middle Childhood (7-11 years)       Moral Reasoning applies moral reasoning and behaviour to a wider range of events, including unfamiliar and hypothetical situations (e.g. thinking about what the right thing to do would be in a particular situation) recognises that people will have different…

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Adolescence (11-19 years overview) Fagus Guides > Moral Development Adolescence (11-19 years overview)       Moral Reasoning improved moral reasoning and behaviour contributes to an increase in moral behaviours reasoning about real-life moral dilemmas is not yet as advanced as reasoning about hypothetical moral dilemmas, perhaps due to the influence of feelings and social…

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Progression through Adolescence Fagus Guides > Moral Development Progression through Adolescence Early adolescence (11-14 years)        Moral Behaviour performs more prosocial behaviours than during middle childhood, often performed to gain others’ approval and be a ‘good’ person changes in early adolescence may foster the increase in prosocial behaviour: enhanced perspective taking (therefore can…

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Moral Development: Example Objectives, Goals and Plans Fagus Guides > Moral Development Moral Development: Example Objectives, Goals and Plans Pupil A is 7 years old. His teacher has noticed that he becomes as frustrated when his peers make accidental, harmful actions as when they make deliberate, harmful actions. When asked, Pupil A struggles to tell…

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Glossary Fagus Guides > Moral Development Glossary Altruism: selfless prosocial behaviour, conducted purely for the sake of helping others Conscience: moral sense of right and wrong Distributive justice: dividing material goods fairly DSM-5: the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders, a tool used by mental health practitioners to diagnose…

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