Self-Esteem Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem Contents How to Use This Guide to Set Goals Introduction Developmental Sequence Overview Early Childhood           (2-7 years) Middle Childhood      (7-11 years) Adolescence                  (11-19 years) Overview Progression Through Adolescence Example Objectives, Goals and Plans Glossary References This…

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How to Use This Guide to Set Goals Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem How to Use This Guide to Set Goals Read the definition at the beginning of the introduction to familiarise yourself with the topic (decide if you want to read more of the introduction) Establish the child’s current point of development – where are…

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Introduction Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem Self-Esteem Defining Self-Esteem “Self-esteem is literally defined by how much value people place upon themselves” (p. 2, Baumeister et al., 2003); it refers to an individual’s perception of their abilities and overall worth. Self-esteem is the evaluative component of our self-concept (words in bold are defined in the glossary). High…

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Developmental Sequence Overview Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem Developmental Sequence Overview Please note that developmental ranges and ages vary substantially from child to child within typical/neurotypical development. The sequence should be used only as a guide when determining a child’s current development. In writing this guide we have been mindful that every child is unique and…

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Early Childhood (2-7 years) Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem Early Childhood (2-7 years) 3 years uses self-relevant pronouns (e.g. “I” and “me”) aware of abilities – makes domain-specific evaluations about themselves (e.g. “I can run fast”) however does not yet conceptualise themselves as a person therefore does not have a sense of global self-esteem Domain-specific evaluations…

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Middle Childhood (7-11 years) Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem Middle Childhood (7-11 years)       General Trends develops a more balanced view of self-worth therefore self-esteem declines inflated self-evaluations seen in early childhood gradually decrease differentiates between their real and ideal self understands the difference between what they can do and what they would like…

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Adolescence (11-19 years overview) Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem Adolescence (11-19 years overview)       General Trends decline in self-esteem in early adolescence may be due to maturational changes of puberty, cognitive and socio-contextual changes (e.g. puberty, awareness of body image, shift to thinking about the future and worrying about missed opportunities, awareness of failure,…

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Progression through Adolescence Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem Progression through Adolescence Early adolescence (11-14 years)      General Trends self-esteem declines change from primary to secondary school may result in a reduction to self-esteem due to: the child identifying with peers who are performing better because they are older at secondary school a loss of friendships…

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Self-Esteem: Example Objectives, Goals and Plans Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem Self-Esteem: Example Objectives, Goals and Plans These examples were developed for pupils attending Beech Lodge School.   Pupil A is 12 years old. She tends to say “I don’t know” when she is asked what is good about her work. She has refused to evaluate…

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Glossary Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem Glossary Crowd: a group of adolescents defined by reputation and stereotypes (e.g. popular, sporty, geeks). Outsiders decide which crowd an individual belongs to Domain-specific evaluation: an appraisal of one’s competence in a particular area (e.g. mathematic ability). These evaluations are sometimes referred to as domain-specific self-esteem DSM-5: the fifth edition…

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References Fagus Guides > Self-Esteem References Bachman, J. G., O’Malley, P. M., Freedman-Doan, P., Trzesniewski, K. H., & Donnellan, M. B. (2011). Adolescent self-esteem: Differences by race/ethnicity, gender, and age. Self and Identity, 10(4), 445-473. Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., & Vohs, D. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal…

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