Socialisation Fagus Guides > Socialisation Contents How to Use This Guide to Set Goals Introduction Developmental Sequence Overview Infancy                               (0-2 years) Early Childhood           (2-7 years) Middle Childhood      (7-11 years) Adolescence           …

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How to Use This Guide to Set Goals Fagus Guides > Socialisation How to Use This Guide to Set Goals Read the definition at the beginning of the introduction to familiarise yourself with the topic (decide if you want to read more of the introduction) Establish the child’s current point of development – where are…

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Introduction Fagus Guides > Socialisation Introduction Defining Socialisation Socialisation, within this context, refers to a child’s ability to interact and form relationships with others. This guide will examine how socialisation develops across childhood and adolescence (see Attachment for a description of the development of the key relationship with the child’s primary caregiver(s)). The development of…

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Developmental Sequence Overview Fagus Guides > Socialisation Developmental Sequence Overview Please note that developmental ranges and ages vary substantially from child to child within typical/neurotypical development. The sequence should be used only as a guide when determining a child’s current development. In writing this guide we have been mindful that every child is unique and…

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Infancy (0-2 years) Fagus Guides > Socialisation Infancy (0-2 years) Most of the developments in socialisation during infancy are related to developments in communication and play. Therefore developments within infancy have been summarised across the first and second years (see Language Development and Play for more detail). 0-12 months        Social Interaction innate…

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Early Childhood (2-7 years) Fagus Guides > Socialisation Early Childhood (2-7 years) 2 years        Relationships shows a preference for particular companions girls begin to show a preference for same-sex play partners (see Play) develops a sense of who their immediate family and other relations are        Social Interactions plays with…

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Middle Childhood (7-11 years) Fagus Guides > Socialisation Middle Childhood (7-11 years)       Relationships        Structure of the Friendship Group friendships are more stable (i.e. stay the same over time) and more likely to be reciprocated (compared to early childhood) peer group increases in size wider sphere of peers and increased…

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Adolescence Overview (11-19 years) Fagus Guides > Socialisation Adolescence Overview (11-19 years)       Relationships        Structure of the Friendship Group shift to mixed-sex friendships the transition to secondary school results in the disruption of previous friendships and the formation of new friendships friendships tend to be stable once established (i.e. the…

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Progression through Adolescence Fagus Guides > Socialisation Progression through Adolescence Early adolescence (11-14 years)        Relationships        Structure of the Friendship Group has a wide circle of friends number of mixed friendships increase, however these tend to lack intimacy may have friends online ‘crowds’ emerge during early adolescence differences exist between…

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Socialisation: Example Objectives, Goals and Plans Fagus Guides > Socialisation Socialisation: Example Objectives, Goals and Plans These examples were developed for pupils attending Beech Lodge School. Pupil A is 14 years old. She identifies as having one best friend at school. Her best friend socialises with other peers, however Pupil A struggles to. This results…

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Glossary Fagus Guides > Socialisation Glossary Altruism: selfless prosocial behaviour, conducted purely for the sake of helping others Bullying: chronic victimisation of a specifically selected target who is greatly disadvantaged with respect to the balance of power” (pg. 429, Parker & Asher, 1993) Clique: a group of peers defined by friendship, shared activities and similarities…

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References Fagus Guides > Socialisation References Ainsworth, M. D. (1991). Attachments and other affectional bonds across the life cycle. In C. M. Parkes, J. S. Stevenson-Hyde & P. Marris, Attachment across the life cycle (pp. 32-52). London, UK: Routledge. Argyle, M. (1988). Bodily communication (2nd ed.). London: Routledge. Baumeister, R. F., Zhang, L., & Vohs,…

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